Mapping / by Tamara Cedre

"The weight of words, the shock of photos, the hunt for more dramatic, drives the photographic enterprise, and is part of the normality of a culture in which shock has become a leading stimulus of consumption and source of value...  Our sympathy proclaims our innocence as well as our impotence. To that extent, it can be an impertinent, if not inappropriate, response. To set aside the sympathy we extend to others beset by war and murderous politics for a reflection on how our privileges are located on the same map as their suffering, and may—in ways we might prefer not to imagine—be linked to their suffering, as the wealth of some may imply the destitution of others, is a task for which the painful, stirring images supply only an initial spark.” 
― Susan Sontag

In the midst of disaster, the residents of Puerto Rico have become subjects of catastrophe. More often than not, photographs of them are monolithic depictions of resigned spirits against the backdrop of their cities turned to rubble. Over the course of four years, during my summer visits, I would try to work against this aesthetic; to transcribe the stories of everyday people and attempt to show a more nuanced observation of an incredibly complex place.  After the hurricanes, I came to realize that this was difficult for me as both a photographer and a Diasporican— whose identity oscillated in between the locus of a place I only visited and an imaginary drawn from my family's memory. Most of the images that flooded the public after the storms, centered the voices of outsiders, mediating and co-opting the experiences of those living on the island. Though I feel it is critical to speak out about Puerto Rico, the only photographs I am able to make are ones that come from my lived experience in the landscape, the people I know and the things I see which have been a continuing education. If there is power in the reproducible image, it is not in its authority. It is in its ability to continue; to transcend its temporality, into present conversations.

I set off one weekend to drive up the eastern coast of the island, through Humacao, Yabucoa and into Salinas. Friends of mine had a family member who had recently passed away, and I wanted to visit their former hometown as a way of paying respect. The only reference I had for what I would see made me recall the first time I walked through a street in Baltimore that wasn't near my safe, well-appointed college dorm room.  Passing stoops that were neighborhood meeting places, concrete steps that once ushered local gatherings, sidewalks that were once teeming with families...empty...as if a bomb had gone off in the middle of the city.

To visit Yabucoa in the summer of 2016 but, then to return in 2018 after the storms, felt similarly eerie. The quiet ruin was not one of dystopian sublime, but one of state violence and neglect; where the furniture that belonged to former residents in destroyed homes now served as markers to the properties soon to be purchased by developers. Where the palm trees that once stood tall with fronds above the lapping waves, were stripped bare to remind us that storms, both man-made and natural, decide what lives and die in their grasp.